A ‘real estate investor’, who can be also called as ‘real estate developer’ is a business person who buys and sells properties like land and houses. He is the person between the seller and the buyer. In countries like United Kingdom, a real estate developer is also called a ‘real estate broker’. A real estate investor meets many financial and business choices everyday, like capital gains, tax credits and interest rates. For this he needs to have a deep knowledge on real estate investing, he should also be capable of understanding things and a hard worker. A real estate investor gets his knowledge only through years of experience in real estate investing; he also needs to have deep interest and dedicated. He should to be patient while dealing with his clients and ready to wake up at 2:00AM to speak over the phone!A real estate investors or brokers frequently have sales people, who are also called as ‘agents’, who help and assist real estate investors in the process of selling properties and even carries out other legal activities, refers legal documents and supervise things. To work as a real estate investor, the investor needs a license as the money is been exchanged between parties and the broker needs to be in presence as the agents work. Real estate investors without license will not be allowed to work unless the property buyer is working with his real estate developer. In this case, there is no necessity of any paperwork. Initially you need to be accredited as a real estate investor to obtain a license which is followed by a mandatory ninety hour course and you have to pass the real estate law exam.A real estate investor generally targets either residential real estate or the commercial real estate. But there are investors who can handle both. If you need to survive with commercial real estate investing, then you need to have gain lot of experience and knowledge through residential real estate investing. But in many cases the experience which you obtain in residential real estate won’t be enough! Investors dealing with commercial real estates must have enough capital and they need to learn more things as they handle rich business people who will be quite analytical and expect better things from you. Compared to residential, commercial real estate investing is known to be more rewarding and challenging.
Between stocks and real estate, most investors tend to stick to one type of investment or the other, depending on what they are comfortable with. But the only issues that should matter when considering an investment is what kind of “true” return on investment can I get verses what is my risk to earn that return. Hands down, real estate is far superior to stocks in terms of both high ROI and security.Before we begin this discussion, it is important that I point out the major mistake made by just about every other writer who has ever written on this subject; in every comparison of stocks to real estate, either the Dow or S&P values are used as the basis of measuring stocks’ performance, however it is rarely mentioned that the Dow is a select sample group of only 30 stocks and that the original companies of the Dow are not the same as the present companies that make up the Dow Jones. Recently General Motors (GM), along with government bailed out Citigroup, were dropped from the Dow because they both fell below $5/share, and they were replaced by Cisco Systems ($20/share) and Travelers ($40/share). The real estate equivalent of this would be to choose a portfolio of properties in the beginning and then removing a poorly-performing shack from the collection and replacing it’s valuation with a stronger performing Trump Tower. Such a practice makes it impossible to truly measure the performance of the stock market, however it is clear that whatever gains can be measured are “slightly” inflated, if not completely overstated.Now that we understand the shortcomings of prior comparative analyses, we will choose to use the S&P 500, despite the previous discussion, with the understanding that this provides a slight advantage to stocks, for we will show that real estate is still superior, even in a comparison favoring stocks. There is an abundance of circumstantial evidence all around us for this fact. The most significant and lucrative investment most people make is their primary residence. 85 to 90% of the wealthiest individuals in the world built and hold their wealth in real estate.What specific ways does investing in apartments and rental properties help us multiply our money faster? There are 4 major ways:
Appreciation. This the gross increase in valuation of the asset. When the stock price increases to a higher value or likewise, when a house increases in value, appreciation is the profit from this change in valuation. Of course, a decrease in value is also possible in both types of assets, and the result of this is negative appreciation. This is the aspect that is most often focused on by previous comparisons. However, despite being the most important income with investing in stocks, appreciation is the least important of the ways of making money in real estate. Individuals who focus on appreciation in real estate are not investors, but speculators, many of whom were the hardest hit because of the burst of the housing bubble.
Depreciation. This refers to an estimation of the “loss” of valuation of investment real estate as a result of deterioration or obsolescence. The wear and tear is not tabulated from a list of specific damages, but rather takes the cost of the asset and spreads this cost over the legally estimated useful “lifetime” of the asset, 27.5 years in the case of residential property. When running your real estate investing as a business, this tax deduction can be huge, along with tax-deductable expenses, in offsetting income and legally decreasing your tax liability. There is no equivalent to this in offsetting capital gains from stock income.
Amortization. This refers to the building of equity in a property as the mortgage on it is paid off over time. This is another way of expressing the advantage of leverage in investing in real estate-the ability to buy an asset with only 3 to 25% of the purchase price and pay the rest off over time, preferably using the asset’s own income, is unheard of in the world of stocks.
Cash Flow. This has to be the sweetest money from your real estate investment; after all expenses, this is what is left over to go straight into your hip pocket. This is analogous to stock dividends, however the company in which you hold stock has the ultimate decision as to whether they will offer you a dividend, and they can change this decision without consulting minor stockholders. A properly structured real estate investment will provide positive cash flow FOREVER. And, again, if you run your investment as a business, this passive income will not be subject to self-employment tax.
About the only clear advantage that stocks have demonstrated over real estate is the relatively greater liquidity that is provided by having a ready market of buyers. However, the knowledgeable and experienced real estate investor understands this, and the investor builds a list of buyers and recruits real estate agents and brokers onto his or her team for this very reason. Even in a tough market, as exists today, investors are able to move property and maintain liquidity.In addition, the clear and widely acknowledged advantage that real estate investments have over stocks-the ability to leverage your money and credit to buy the asset and the tax advantages and other streams of income benefiting owners of rental properties-are often greatly underestimated and understated. The accumulated tax savings and other hidden income streams when added up is a more than significant amount of money; all the annual tax write-offs translates into more money to leverage and reinvest into more income-producing real estate, and this cycle of reinvesting is the process that will multiply your investment money at a rate that the best stock can never hope to keep up with.